Projects Day May 1, 2002

Computer Science Clinic

The Aerospace Corporation

Implementing an IDMEF Message Management Tool

Liaisons: Joseph Betser, Ph.D., Andrew Walther ’00
Advisor: Michael Erlinger
Students: Eric Heitzman (TL), Richard McKnight, Eider Moore, Rayford Sims (CMC)

The Aerospace Corporation has sponsored a series of projects focusing on issues in intrusion detection in computer networks. The Intrusion Detection Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (a standards body) is developing a common XML message format for communicating intrusion detection events, called the Intrusion Detection Message Exchange Format (IDMEF). We have designed and implemented a web-accessible database-driven application to display, manage, and facilitate the manual correlation of IDMEF messages.

Auditude.com

Performance Independent Melody Recognition

Liaison: Nicholas Seet ’99
Advisor: Robert Keller
Students: Jason Yelinek (TL), Matt Brubeck, Joshdan Griffin, Eric Huang

The team has developed software that identifies songs based on monophonic audio performances of the song, and has reported on research toward the more difficult problem of recognizing songs from polyphonic performances. This software is intended to complement Auditude’s existing technology that recognizes commercially recorded performances in real time.

The Boeing Company/ATM

Design and Prototype of Low-Cost Weather Information System for General Aviation

Liaison: James Hanson ’64
Advisor: Geoffrey Kuenning
Students: Cora Hussey (TL), Christopher Lee, Jonathan Morley, Morgan Wagner, Neilsen Yu

Foul weather contributes to aviation accidents and delays. To enhance aviation safety, The Boeing Company wishes to develop a low cost method to display real-time weather data in the cockpit of general aviation aircraft. The Clinic team has designed and developed a system that gathers weather data, obtains GPS coordinates, and graphically displays that data on the screen of a Compaq iPaq PDA, in a form that is familiar to and usable by pilots.

Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.

Algorithms and Data Structures for Time-Dependent Networks

Liaison: Dale Honeycutt
Advisor: Ran Libeskind-Hadas
Students: Kylie Evans ’03(TL), Nathaniel Dirksen, Melissa Chase ’03, Jacob Creed

ESRI provides tools for capturing, storing and analyzing networks of virtually any type, from highways to electrical wiring. This project augments ESRI’s system with the ability to represent networks where the cost of traversing an edge changes with time, and to solve shortest-path queries on these new time-dependent networks. This will allow ESRI’s customers to model bus schedules, rush-hour traffic, and similar phenomena, allowing greater accuracy in determining shortest paths.

I/O Software, Inc.

Biometrically Enabling Web Applications

Liaison: Edward Evers
Advisor: Joshua Hodas
Students: Jocelyn Chew (TL), Michael Cramblett, Donald Lawton, Daniel Phiffer

I/O Software is a leading developer of security software using biometrics to restrict access to data and applications on computers. They have asked the team to extend their software’s capabilities to securing access to web pages. This product, in the form of server-side and client-side plug-ins, performs a biometrically-enabled user verification sequence between the local user’s browser and a remote database to control access to online assets.

Marine Biological Laboratory

Multilevel Parallelization of the Smith-Waterman Algorithm

Liaison: Michael Cummings
Advisor: Elizabeth Sweedyk
Students: Ben Zeckel (TL Spring), Kurt Dresner (TL Fall), Drew Levin, Andrew Magis, Eric Ong

A common task in molecular biology is the search for similarity between a given strand of DNA or protein and the sequences in a database such as GenBank. The most accurate search programs aimed at this problem are based on the Smith-Waterman algorithm. Typical open-source implementations are slow while fast commercial implementations are quite expensive. We have implemented a parallelized version intended to be freely distributed while being performance competitive with commercial packages.

Optivus Technology, Inc.

Proton Beam Treatment System Vacuum Monitoring and Control System

Liaisons: Sasha Beloussov, Rich Jackson
Advisor: Geoffrey Kuenning
Students: Patrick Vinograd (TL), Saba Ahmad (CMC), Geoffrey Romer ’03, Aaron Clark

The team has developed a distributed software system that allows centralized monitoring and automated control of a large number of vacuum devices. It will be used in proton beam-based cancer treatment facilities where an extensive vacuum system is needed to treat patients. Optivus, providing technical oversight and support for Loma Linda University Medical Center’s Proton Beam Therapy Center, will use the system with the goal of preventing vacuum loss and thus improving patient treatment.

Qualcomm Incorporated

Software Development Tools for ARM-Based Wireless Devices

Liaison: Eric Lekven ’79
Advisor: Christopher Stone
Students: Roy Shea (TL), Samuel Ahn, Andrew Schoonmaker, Erin Sperry

QUALCOMM, Inc. has developed BREW, a software API for ARM-based handheld devices. BREW enables developers to write applications that can be run on a variety of such devices, including wireless phones. The team has been asked to reduce the cost of developing BREW applications by finding a way to use GNU GCC within the Windows NT/2000 environment to compile BREW applications for the ARM target, eliminating the need for the expensive ARM compiler suite.

Teradyne, Inc.

Automatic Generation of Distributed Service Adapters

Liaison: Robert Varney
Advisor: Zachary Dodds
Students: Michael Allen (TL), Aaron Boyer (Pitzer), Edward Miller ’03, Jason Wither

Teradyne asked the team to develop a software tool which, given a Java interface, generates adapters that would allow programmers to use Java components in a distributed computing environment in a transparent fashion. The adapters are themselves software components that perform translation between two software interfaces. Additionally, the clinic is to investigate the challenges inherent in maintaining the usual semantics of a non-distributed programming system while providing distributed capabilities.

Teradyne, Inc.

VisiFault

Liaison: Robert Varney
Advisor: Robert Keller
Students: Hang Tang ’03 (TL), Michael Szal, Don Wang, Stephen Friedman ’03

Teradyne makes automatic test equipment (ATE) for semiconductor devices. As devices grow more complex, test vectors becomes much larger, and the time required to analyze the failures grows too long. The team developed a system, VisiFault, which graphically displays scan failure results from the ATE and physical fault results from a diagnosis program so one can quickly pinpoint causes of failures. VisiFault also provides functions such as aggregation and comparison to help in analyzing the data.

This project was completed during a ten week full-time effort during the summer of 2001.

United Devices

Reimplementation of Scientific Applications in a Massively Distributed Framework

Liaison: Jeffrey Lawson ’99
Advisor: Melissa O’Neill
Students: Steve DiVerdi (TL), Elmer Kim ’03, Aaron Namba, Megan Thorsen

United Devices (UD) provides distributed computing solutions to clients with a wide range of projects, with a focus on aiding bioinformatics research. UD has created the UD MetaProcessor platform, a robust, scalable, and extensible client and server solution for massively distributed computing. The Clinic team has been tasked with porting two existing single-machine bioinformatics applications to the MetaProcessor Platform.

Computer Science/Engineering Clinic

Center of Integration of Medicine and Innovative Technology

A Distributed Medical Monitoring System for Real-Time Patient Diagnosis

Liaisons: Bill Wiesmann, Alex Pranger ’92/93, Nathaniel Sims
Advisor: Ruye Wang
Students: Grant Baxter (TL), Adam Fischer, Daniel Lee, Steven Yan

Current patient monitoring procedures in hospital intensive care units generate large volumes of raw patient data. Doctors lack resources to properly process this data and a significant portion goes unused. Tools capable of detecting long-term trends and correlations within this data will allow doctors to more accurately diagnose patients. The Clinic team has designed and implemented a distributed hardware/software architecture for developing condition-specific software models which provide high-level analysis of raw patient data.

Engineering Clinic

The Aerospace Corporation

Design and Implementation of a High Speed Bit Error Rate Tester

Liaison: Samuel Osofsky ’85
Advisor: David Harris
Students: Shamik Maitra (TL), William Durley, Jason Imada, Michael Linderman, Aaron Stratton

The Aerospace Corporation seeks to perform Bit Error Rate Testing (BERT) at 10 Gigabits/second over a fiber optic channel. Conventional BERT systems can cost up to $250,000. The current BERT setup at Aerospace has architectural limitations which render the system difficult to use. The Aeropsace Clinic team has redesigned this architecture and developed prototype hardware which eliminates these limitations and allows the current setup to function as a more viable, low-cost BERT solution.

AXT LED Technologies

LED Test Automation

Liaisons: Bill Yuan, William So
Advisor: Joseph King
Students: Charles Boehm (TL), Antonio Medrano, Jason Norman, Marion Lebec, Mika Sudo

The team has designed, built and tested an automated LED test station. The system automatically tests 40 OEDs for critical electrical and optical performance and stores the results for future evaluation. A demonstration of the test system will be provided.

The Boeing Company/ATM

Development and Validation of a Loran-C Model

Liaison: Robert Snow
Advisor: John Molinder
Students: Colin Boyd (TL), Karen Ahle, Gautam Thatte, Yung-Hsiang Hsu

As part of a larger project to develop a GPS – Loran-C integrated navigation system, Boeing ATM is studying the viability and characteristics of Loran-C radio navigation as an air traffic navigation and positioning system. The purpose of this project is to develop and test a model of Loran-C, including error modeling, to determine its positioning accuracy capability. The team makes recommendations regarding potential improvements and enhancements to determine whether Loran-C is viable for air traffic management.

The Boeing Company/Phantom Works

Laser-Photovoltaic Wireless Power Transmission

Liaisons: Seth Potter, Mark Henley, Robert Rice
Advisor: James Rosenberg
Students: Tadashi Nagao (TL), Kevin Ota, Eric Verner, Galway O’Mahony, Morgan Cross

NASA is currently working on an exploration of craters at the moon’s poles. In order for rovers to explore these craters, a means of wireless power transmission to the rovers is needed. The Clinic team will design, implement, and test an optical module that will transmit the needed power efficiently. This module will be a part of the larger system to be designed by Boeing.

Easton Sports, Inc.

Modeling a Bat-Ball Collision

Liaison: Jonathan Hebreo ’01
Advisor: Philip Cha
Students: Vipul Lugade (TL), Jason De Camp, Christopher Holcomb, Ben Utela

In this project our team uses finite element modeling and other analytical techniques to model and predict the coefficient of restitution for a bat and ball collision. From this model we are able to determine the forcing function that describes the impact, and verify all of our results through experimentation.

Federal Aviation Administration

High Power LED Application to Airport Approach Lighting System

Liaison: Calvin Miles ’87
Advisor: Joseph King
Students: Ralph McNall (TL), Jennifer Sherman, Lili Akin, Tom Galvani

Current airport approach runway lighting systems use standard incandescent lightbulbs. Maintenance of these systems is both expensive and time consuming. This project investigates the feasibility of replacing the current system with one based on white LED technology. With recent advances in LED technology this will significantly reduce the operation and maintenance costs and extend the lifetime of the system. Using today’s technology, a prototype light source has been designed, built and tested. A demonstration of the prototype light source will be provided.

General Electric/Nuclear Energy

Iron Oxalate Injection System for a Boiling Water Reactor

Liaison: Terry McIntyre
Advisor: Anthony Bright
Students: Lilian Wu (TL), Stephanie Chan, Naomi Tomimatsu, Karen Studarus

An optimal concentration of iron in the feedstream of a Boiling Water Reactor is important to GE Nuclear Energy in order to reduce radiation exposure to GE’s employees. Iron is currently being pumped in the form of an iron oxalate solution, but GE desires an alternative to the pump system. The Clinic team has been asked to design this alternate solution that provides manual control of the injection rate to maintain the iron concentration between 0.5 and 1.5 ppb mass and also provides process indicators.

General Motors

Manual Transmission Friction Damper

Liaison: Jeff Rayce
Advisor: Ziyad Duron
Students: Ricky Lim (TL), Brian Yoxall, Daniel Chin, Hans Meyer, Shannon Kelley

The Clinic team has analyzed a phenomenon dubbed “driveline clunk” which exists in the transmission of some of GM’s full sized trucks. While this noise issue does not affect the transmission’s life or operation, it is quite detrimental to the consumer’s perception of vehicle quality. The team has performed work that characterized this phenomenon and has constructed a prototype to eliminate it.

Irvine Ranch Water District

Evaluation of Artificial Mixing Systems in IRWD’s Reservoirs

Liaisons: Arseny Kalinsky, Carl Spangenberg
Advisor: Donald Remer
Students: Micaela Ellison (TL), Deborah Chun, Angela Hsueh, David Levitt, Markus Ong

Due to low water demand, IRWD’s Coastal Zone reservoirs have long residence times that cause disinfectant degradation, leading to low chlorine residuals and increased microbial growth. IRWD installed submersible mixers to improve circulation and promote thorough mixing in the tanks; however, uneven mixing continued to be detected. The Clinic team evaluated mixing in the reservoirs using two approaches: a tracer study using fluoride, and modeling using Fluent Computational Fluid Dynamics Software.

Gary Jensen, Inc.

Venous Valve Development

Liaison: Dr. Gary L. Jensen
Advisor: Jennifer Stroud-Rossmann
Students: Jon Gunther (TL), Megan Thomas, Liz Eaton, Jeremy Watson

Human venous valvular insufficiency has serious medical consequences including pain, disfiguration, and potentially deadly clotting. This Clinic project is concerned with designing a catheter-deployable solution (to be presented in prototype form with recommendations for manufacture) to the problem of venous valvular insufficiency. Aspects of this project include research of relevant physiology, materials, and valve designs, experimental determination of biomechanical properties, design revision, prototype creation, and synthesis of an appropriate prototype testing environment.

Loma Linda University Medical Center

Image Based Target Localization System for Proton Radiosurgery

Liaison: Reinhard W. Schulte
Advisor: Ruye Wang
Students: James Riehl (TL), Amanda Malone, Bardia Tamadon (Pitzer),Genevieve Breed, Raymond Fong

LLUMC is currently developing a new proton radiosurgical procedure that will be used to treat certain pathological symptoms such as tremors in Parkinson’s patients . The procedure involves using MRI studies to identify a small target in the patient’s brain. The role of the Clinic team is to design a complete image-based target localization system that accounts for spatial distortion in MRI and outputs corrected 3D coordinates for accurate application of the proton beam.

Medtronic Minimed

Design of a Removable, Programmable and Disposable Key for Use in the Medipad Infusion Pump

Liaison: John Livingston
Advisor: James Rosenberg
Students: Mika Waller (TL), Joshua Chu, Cheng-Chung Lee, Justin Schauer, Peter Chung

Type II diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder that afflicts over 16 million Americans. Medtronic MiniMed’s Affinity disposable insulin infusion pump offers Type II diabetics an economical and therapeutically superior alternative to conventional treatments. To increase the versatility of the Affinity, the Clinic team has developed a programmable key that costs about five dollars and enables the Affinity to supply insulin at one of six predetermined rates using a single FDA-approved insulin concentration.

Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

Experimental Study to Reduce Coagulant Residuals in Drinking Water

Liaison: Sun Liang
Advisor: Donald Remer
Students: Marcy LaViollette (TL), Carman Ng, Alicia Albo (Scripps), Jorge Escobar, Kristen Van Horn

Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (MWDSC) provides drinking water to a majority of Southern California residents. MWDSC is currently considering the addition of a reverse osmosis system (RO) to their conventional filtration treatment facilities. Previous research has indicated that residuals from the coagulant they currently use cause degradation in the RO membranes. We have performed work to experimentally determine the optimal conditions to prevent degradation while still properly cleaning the drinking water.

NASA Ames

Video Monitoring System for Observation of C. Elegans Worms in a Centrifuge

Liaison: Catharine Conley
Advisor: Lori Bassman
Students: Jeffrey Miller (TL), Sergio Rodrigues, Charles Hastings, Heather O’Brien

Dr. Catharine Conley, a biologist at NASA’s Ames Research Center, researches the effects of high gravity on C. elegans worms. She is studying how acceleration in a centrifuge affects the worms’ activity levels. The Clinic team has designed and built a video observation system that rides on the centrifuge with the worms and wirelessly transmits live video of the worms inside.

Opto 22

Redesign B1 and B2 Brainboards

Liaisons: Matthew Chang ’95, Jim Frederick
Advisor: John Molinder
Students: Renee Montgomery (TL), Raymond Yu Chris Newkirk, Neal Okumura, Gigi Au

The Clinic team had redesigned the existing Opto 22 B1 and B2 brainboards. These are used as a communication controller between the user at a standard computer and a device, such as lighting in an office. The original brainboards communicate to the user via a serial port (RS422/485). The redesign incorporates an Ethernet connection (twisted pair), which is faster and a standard in the industry.

Oregon Medical Laser Center

Tissue Engineering Command and Control Module

Liaison: Kenton Gregory
Advisor: Elizabeth Orwin
Students: Ryan Jackson (TL), Christine Paulson, Cyndia Sweet, Ivan Samuels, Thomas Both

Researchers at Oregon Medical Laser Center are currently developing techniques to create tissue engineered arteries using autologous cells. The Clinic team has designed, constructed and tested a command and control system to aid in optimizing a tissue engineering environment. The system controls parameters of an artificial blood vessel environment, monitors the physical conditions experienced by the growing tissue and communicates information about the viability of the tissue to researchers. The use of this system is intended to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the tissue engineering process.

PVP Advanced EO Systems, Inc.

Video and Situational Data Integration and Transmission

Liaison: Geoffrey Miller
Advisor: Carl Baumgaertner
Students: Sean Kao (TL), Matthew Burden, Mark Unemori, Forrest Tuttle, Elizabeth Reynolds

Recent events in Afghanistan have cast a spotlight on US Special Operations forces. The US Special Operations Command is developing the next generation “Soldier System” to improve battlefield intelligence. PVP Advanced Electro Optical Systems has tasked our Clinic team to design a system which overlays data from an onboard GPS unit, laser range finder and digital compass onto a video signal from a shared aperture electro-optic, infrared camera. The system outputs real-time video to a helmet-mounted display and incorporate wireless image transmission between soldiers. The prototype design meets critical size and power constraints.

Rain Bird

Correlation of Sprinkler Nozzle Performance to Computational Fluid Dynamics

Liaison: Greg Kang
Advisor: Mary Cardenas
Students: Casey May (TL), Amy Bentow, Robin Chambers, Erin Koos, Lut Au-Yeung

Although Rain Bird has the best sprinkler nozzles in the industry, the spray pattern is not perfect. As part of an effort for continuous product improvement, Rain Bird has asked the Clinic team to create a Computational Fluid Dynamic model of the water flow produced by one of their current nozzles. The model is used as a tool to predict watering patterns and improve nozzle designs, making the design process more efficient.

Rockwell Collins/Passenger Systems

Low-Cost Multi-Channel MPEG Encoder

Liaison: Bob Troxel
Adivisor: Carl Baumgaertner
Students: Roy Park (TL), Adam Bush, Alfred Chuang, Knut Strom-Jensen, Trever Gile

Rockwell Collins is interested in a system that will enhance the capability of current in-flight entertainment systems. These systems provide digital video-on-demand, internet access, and video games. Our team will design a state-of-the-art digital encoding system that will convert multiple analog NTSC signals into a digitized, multiplexed transport stream. The team will demonstrate the feasibility of this system using a PC-based architecture.

Space Systems/Loral

Mass Reduction and Vibration Damping of Satellite Brackets

Liaisons: Brian Childs, Michael Freestone,Eric Roulo
Advisor: Clive Dym, Joseph King
Students: Annie Tran (TL), Eric Clement, Amy Gishifu, Ryan Ellis

Space Systems/Loral currently uses a graphite bracket design to support electronic instruments on their satellites. In order to increase cost effectiveness of launch, it is necessary to reduce the mass of the brackets. This will result in lowering of the natural frequency into the excitation range, and so additionally, SS/Loral asked us to incorporate a damping technique into the system. The team has used a four-phase project approach: research, FEA modeling and simulation, physical testing of a prototype, and comparative analysis to develop a new bracket design.

Texas Instruments

Development of a GPS Terminal

Liaisons: Edwin Park, Mark Wang ’00
Advisor: David Harris
Students: David Hopkins (TL), Alicia Lloro, Thomas Francon, Keith Buerger, Dmitriy Kogan

TI is currently investigating the addition of GPS functionality to its next generation cellular technology. To provide TI with a competitive advantage, the team is exploiting the similarities between GPS and cellular technologies, allowing GPS functionality to be implemented with a minimum of additional hardware. The team is developing a complete GPS receiver, designed around a critical component that was created by a Clinic team last year.

Mathematics Clinic

Fair, Issac and Company, Inc.

Optimizing Dynamic Online Surveys

Liaisons: Stacy Sanders ’99, Gary Sullivan
Advisors: Lesley Ward (Fall) Jerzy Filar (Spring), Hank Krieger
Students: Jennifer M. Lindsay (TL), Emily Kajita, Shane Markstrum, Justin Okano

Fair, Isaac and Co. is interested in developing a method for constructing dynamic online surveys. Our team’s goal is to construct an algorithm which will choose the next survey question based on previous responses, in order to maximize the amount of information about the respondent in the fewest number of questions. When predictions are made based on the respondent’s information, the algorithm will adjust its parameters for both correct and incorrect predictions to be more accurate for future survey-takers.

Northrop Grumman

Multiple Sensor Analysis for Predicting Infrared Detector Noise from Spacecraft Temperature

Liaison: Charlie McCarthy
Adivisor: Henry Krieger
Students: Nordia Thomas (TL), Eric Distad (Fall), Jean Kuo, Katie Ray, Jessica Xian

The performance of infrared detectors onboard geosynchronous satellites changes as a function of temperature. As ambient temperatures increase, system noise increases. This noise-temperature relationship was statistically modeled utilizing existing data from on-orbit systems. Documented software was prepared to implement the statistical model dynamically.

Space Systems/Loral

Fuel-Optimal Low-Thrust Orbit Raising

Liaison: Glenn Santiago
Advisor: Anette Hosoi
Students: Tina Meftah (TL), Robert Adams , Bradley Boban, Lance Curry , Andrew Yamashita

Space Systems/Loral is a leading manufacturer of communications and weather satellites, and as such is interested in the raising of satellites to their intended orbits in the most efficient and cost effective manner. This year the SS/L Clinic team will investigate a mathematical model for low-thrust orbit raising using nonlinear programming and direct collocation. The ultimate goal will be to develop a prototype code that will give SS/L a firing sequence for their thrusters that minimizes fuel consumption while raising the satellite to its required orbit within a specified amount of time.

Viasat, Inc.

Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography for Secure Communication

Liaison: Hunter Marshall
Advisor: Weiqing Gu
Students: Simon Tse (TL), Colin Little, Cameron McLeman, Braden Pellett

The ViaSat clinic team will present methods for performing secure cryptography over an insecure network by 1) Introducing the use of algebraic objects known as elliptic curves to accomplish this task 2) Presenting Diffe-Hellman key exchange protocol using elliptic curve cryptogtaphy (ECC) 3) Discussing potential attacks on this cryptosystem and 4) Demonstrating their implementation of this algorithm allowing two>network users to agree upon a secret key over an insecure connection.

Physics Clinic

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Challenge of Pointing Stability and Accuracy in the Space Interferometry Mission (SIM)

Liaisons: Daniel McDonald, Bijan Nemati
Advisor: Richard Haskell
Students: Kyle Lampe (TL), Eric Deyo, Robert Seat, Karl Hedstrom (PO), Daniel Gionatti, Kristi Hultman

The HMC Physics Clinic team is working on the Space Inteferometry Mission. SIM is an orbiting inteferometer telescope capable of relative star measurements 100 times more accurate than ever before. Specifically, the team is devising a technique for measuring the spacing between telescopes, measuring changes in distance to an accuracy of 100 picometers, or 1 angstrom, roughly the size of a hydrogen atom.